The medieval and renaissance coat is a midlength, sleeved men's outer garment. By the eighteenth century, overcoats had begun to supplant capes and cloaks as outerwear. The term jacket had derived from coats, undercoats to be exact.
Hooded garments date back to Medieval Europe or earlier. The US company Champion apparently made the first hooded sweatshirt in the 1930s. In 1976 the movie Rocky gives the hooded sweatshirt its iconic status. By the late 70’s and early 80’s the hoodies had gained a cult status thanks skaters, break dancers and rappers.